Everything You Must Know About The Small Business Disaster Loan!


If your company also has been affected by a natural disaster, world pandemic, or other hardship, you might be capable of qualifying for the disaster relief through financing from the SBA (Small Business Administration). The Small Business Administration has numerous programs for assisting the small company to recover. The Business Disaster Loan is provided for the economic injury or physical damage in areas of the US affected by the declared disasters, and the small company has to be situated in the designated area.

Common Problems Small Businesses Might Face:

Workforce Capacity:

Events have just as much impact on the employees as they do on the clientele. It is critical to make sure they’ve the capability of finishing their work duties while protected.

Capital Access:

Incidents can really strain the financial capacity of a small business for maintaining inventory, making payroll, and responding to the market fluctuations (both sudden surges and drops in demand). Companies ought to be ready by testing and exploring their capital access options, so they’ve what they require when they require it. 

Clean-Up Costs/Facility Remediation:

Relying on the case, there might be a requirement for enhancing the protection of staff and customers by boosting the intensity and frequency by which the company conducts cleaning of the surfaces often touched by visitors and occupants. Check the maintenance contracts and cleaning material supplies to ensure they can really meet the increases in demand.

Supply Chain & Inventory Shortfalls:

While the possibility can really be remote, it’s a careful attentiveness measure for ensuring you have either ample inventory supplies for the sustained time period and/or diversify the distributor sources in case one supplier can’t meet the order request.

Changing Market Demand:

Relying on the case, there might be movement restrictions or access controls established, impeding the consumers from reaching the company. Also, there might be public concerns about the exposure to the case, and they might decide not to go to the company out of concern of divulging themselves to some greater risk. Small Business Administration’s District Offices and Resources Partners have trained professionals who can assist you in crafting a plan specific to the condition for assisting in navigating any quick changes in demand.

Insurance Coverage Issues:

A lot of companies have business interruption insurance; now’s the time to get in touch with the insurance agent for reviewing the policy for comprehending precisely what you’re and aren’t covered for in case of the extended incident.


As a business, bring the employees together and get a plan ready for what you’ll do if the case improves or worsens. It is also useful to conduct a tabletop exercise for simulating the potential scenarios and how the company management and employees may respond to the hypothetical situation in the exercise. 


It is critical to talk openly with the consumers about the operations’ status, what protective measures you really have applied, and how they (as consumers) will really be protected when they come to your company. Promotions might also assist in incentive’s consumers who might be unwilling to patronize the company.

Can A Small Business Apply For The Business Disaster Loan?

If you run a company situated within the declared disaster area, you might be qualified for financial help in the form of loans from the SBA (Small Business Administration). According to the Small Business Administration, there are three types of disaster loans: business physical disaster loans, home disaster loans, and EIDLs (economic injury disaster loans).

Business Physical Disaster Loans: 

Accessible to companies of any size for replacing or repairing property owned by the company, comprising real estate, supplies, inventories, equipment, and machinery, that was damaged in the disaster, the Small Business Administration says. Non-profit, private organizations like churches, charities, and private universities, etc., are also qualified. Business loans are actually limited to 2,000,000 dollars and apply to the combo of economic and physical injury. The limit can apply to all the disaster loans to a company for every disaster.

Home Disaster Loans:

Accessible to house renters or owners for replacing or repairing personal property or real estate damaged in the disaster, comprising vehicles. The Small Business Administration says its regulations limit the home loans to 200,000 dollars (real estate replacement or repair) and forty thousand dollars (personal property replacement or repair), respectively.

EIDLs (Economic Injury Disaster Loans):

EIDLs are the working capital loans accessible to non-profit organizations and small companies for assisting them in meeting their essential and ordinary monetary obligations and help them through the disaster recovery time, the Small Business Administration says. The loans are limited to two million dollars and apply just to the economic injury determined by Small Business Administration, less business disruption insurance, and other fit monetary assistance. EIDL help is accessible just to those who can’t provide for the recovery.

How Does The SBA Disaster Loan Really Work? 

Generally, the Small Business Administration disaster recovery loans are accessible for individuals and companies that have had losses from the US disaster. These loans have two forms: 

Physical Disaster Loans: 

These loans are utilized for repairing or replacing the physical damage. The physical property comprises real property (buildings and land), equipment and machinery, inventory, fixtures, and leasehold improvements.  

Economic Recovery Loans (Comprising The Coronavirus Epidemic): 

These loans are created to assist companies in meeting necessary and ordinary monetary obligations that cannot be met as the direct result of any disaster. The economic recovery loans, more often than not, take the working capital loans form for working expenses to help small companies survive throughout the recovery procedure.

What Do You Have To Do Before Applying? 

First of all, you have to decide if you’re in the declared area of the disaster. The SBA, the federal government, and the Secretary of Agriculture can state the area as the designated area of the disaster. Check the present designated disaster areas’ list to know if your region is compromised. Next, you might have to submit a claim to the insurance agency and begin the procedure of determining what they’ll disburse you. 

The Small Business Administration will just pay for the damage that isn’t covered by insurance, but you can start the loan procedure before knowing the amount repaid by the insurance. You might be capable of applying for the SBA loan and agree to utilize the insurance proceeds for reducing or repaying it.

What Info Do You Require For The Application? 

The paperwork for disaster loans is diverse for the sole proprietors than what other business types might require. Forms required for the small business loan application comprise: 

  • The IRS Form 4506-T for every applicant (the business) and all of the owners (the needs for who have to submit it vary relying on the business type and the owners’ number)
  • The loan application (SBA Form 5)

Additional docs required for the business and the applicants comprise: 

  • A present year-to-date profit & loss statement for a company
  • A liabilities schedule (you may utilize SBA Form 2202) with current balance and status
  • A personal monetary statement (SBA Form 413) for every business owner
  • A comprehensive copy of the newest federal income tax returns for the company, comprising all schedules 
  • Current figures for sales on the SBA Form 1368

You might also be needed to give tax returns for all the owners of the company. You might be needed to have collateral (some cash or other assets) to really be accepted for your loan. The Small Business Administration would not decline the loan for the collateral lack, but it needs you to pledge what’s accessible.

How Can Your Boost The Chances Of Obtaining The Disaster Recovery Loan?

There’re some things you might be capable of doing for speeding up the loan procedure and improving the chances of obtaining the SBA disaster loan.

Prepare Info: 

Collect all the information about the losses to the company. For the economic losses, you will have to be capable of showing the lost revenue. For the physical losses, you will have to estimate the value of the property losses.

Check The Credit Rating:

Make certain it can meet the needs for eligibility. If you’ve bad credit, you might have to repair the credit before you apply. If you have the business credit score rating, that is awesome. If not, you’ll have to make use of the personal credit score rating. 

Have All The Docs Prepared: 

Make certain you have all of the docs ready to go, comprising the needed company documents and tax returns. Also, make sure they are accurate and complete.

Print Out All The Forms: 

Before submitting anything to the Small Business Administration, print out all of the forms that have to be submitted and check them cautiously, answering all of the questions. Do not make the loan officer need to return and request for more info or ask you even more questions. 

What’s The Procedure For The Approval Of A Disaster Loan? 

When applying for the Small Business Administration disaster loan, the Small Business Administration first checks the credit score to make sure you’re an excellent applicant for the loan. Next, it’ll confirm the economic damage and/or physical damage to the company and make the estimate. The loan procedure then takes over, comprising gathering details, working with the designated lender, asking for docs, and requesting the insurance coverage details. At the end of the procedure, the loan docs are then prepared and signed.

What If The Loan Application Is Rejected? 

The application for the Small Business Administration disaster loan may be rejected if: 

  • You do not show the capability of repaying a loan 
  • The credit score history isn’t acceptable

If you apply for the Small Business Administration disaster loan and it’s rejected, you can apply for the review. You have to submit the application to the Small Business Administration’s PDC (Disaster Assistance Processing and Disbursement Center) within six months after the rejection. If the application is rejected again, there’s an additional procedure accessible.

Frequently Asked Questions Section:

Are There Any Restrictions For The Loan Eligibility?

The Small Business Administration says that there are a few restrictions about who is qualified for the loan:

  • Uninsured Losses: Just the uninsured or otherwise uncompensated tragedy losses are qualified.
  • Ineligible Property: Secondary houses, personal pleasure airplanes, boats, RVs, and similar property aren’t qualified unless utilized for business purposes. Property like collections and antiques are qualified just to the extent of their practical value. Amounts for swimming pools, and landscaping, etc., are limited.
  • Noncompliance: Candidates who haven’t complied with the previous Small Business Administration loan terms are not qualified.

What’re The Interest Rates?

Lawfully, the interest rates rely on whether every candidate has a credit score accessible elsewhere, the Small Business Administration says. If the Small Business Administration determines that you’ve the capability of giving for the recovery, you’re considered to have the credit score accessible elsewhere. For candidates unable to get credit scores elsewhere, the interest rate will not go above four percent. For the ones who can get a credit score elsewhere, the interest rate will not go above the eighth percent, according to the Small Business Administration.

Are There Any Credit Score Requirements?

Here’re a few additional needs for eligibility, according to the Small Business Administration:

  • Repayment: The Small Business Administration needs that the candidate shows the capability of paying the loans back.
  • Credit History: The Small Business Administration can take credit score history into consideration.
  • Collateral: Candidates for the physical loss loans greater than twenty-five thousand dollars in the disaster declarations and all the Economic Injury Disaster Loans greater than twenty-five thousand dollars have to give collateral, for which the Small Business Administration says the real estate is allowable. The Small Business Administration will not reject the loan for the lack of collateral but needs the candidate to give what’s accessible.

What’re The Loan Terms?

The max term of the loan is thirty years. However, the law limits companies with credit score accessible elsewhere to a max 3-year term. Small Business Administration can set the installment disbursement amount and equivalent maturity on a case-by-case basis.

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